* take nothing for granted    
  • Sydney Harbour from Mosman

  • Uluru (Ayres Rock) - Central Australia

  • The Kalyan Minaret Bukhara Uzbekistan

  • Dubrovnik Croatia

  • Dushanbe Tajikistan

  • Bucharest Romania - from Palace of Parliament

  • Great Wall Shuiguan China

  • Shanghai China

  • Terracotta Warriors Xian China

  • Giza Pyramids and Sphinx Cairo

  • Jemaa el-Fnaa Marrakesh Morocco

  • Damascus Syria - (Oct 2010 pre destabilisation)

  • Istanbul Turkey

  • Cappadocia Turkey

  • Saltzburg Austria

  • Cezky Krumlov Czech Republic

  • Prague Czech Republic

  • Champs Elysees Paris France

  • Oberbaum Bridge (over the Spree) Berlin Germany

  • Budapest Hungary

  • Rome Italy

  • Florence Italy

  • Venice Italy

  • Valletta Malta

  • Lisbon Portugal

  • Ha'penny Bridge over the River Liffey Dublin Ireland

  • Seville Spain

  • Alhambra Granada Spain

  • Mosque–Cathedral Córdoba Spain

  • Moscow Russia (from Moscow State University)

  • Trafalgar Square London England

  • Mumbai India

  • Udaipur India

  • Taj Mahal - Agra India

  • Varanasi (Benares) India

  • Madurai India (the cow insisted I move out of its way)

  • Kathmandu Nepal

  • Lake Iskanderkul Tajikistan

  • Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacán Mexico

  • Zócalo Mexico City

  • Buenos Aires Argentina

  • Ipanema Rio De Janeiro Brazil

  • Iguazu Falls Argentina-Brazil

  • Machu Picchu Peru

  • Lake Titicaca Peru-Bolivia

  • Grand Canyon National Park Arizona USA

  • Boston USA (across the stern of USS Constitution)

  • Washington DC USA (from Arlington House)

  • San Francisco USA (from Alcatraz Island)

  • Los Angeles USA (from the Getty Museum)

  • Flame towers Baku Azerbaijan

  • Havana Mummers Cuba

  • Bucharest Romania from Palace of Parliament

  • Registan Square Samarkand Uzbekistan

  • Bratislava Slovakia

  • Lake Bled Slovenia

  • Mount Ararat behind ancient Zvartnots Cathedral Yerevan Armenia

  • Kiriwina Island Papua New Guinea Dancers

  • Lake Sevan Armenia

  • Peace Bridge Tbilisi Georgia

Unless otherwise indicated all photos © Richard McKie 2005 - 2021

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Recently the National Electricity Market in Eastern Australia had to be temporally suspended due to a short-fall in generation.

Now, the new Federal Government, that came to power on a promise to substantially cut power bills, has had to concede, that instead, there will be substantial price increases.

In part, they are blaming the war in the Ukraine; the consequent sanctions against Russia; and Russian retaliation. 

During the election campaign the Shadow Minister for Climate Change and Energy repeatedly asserted that the solution lay in increased wind and solar generated electricity, that he also repeatedly asserted were cheaper than fossil-fuel generated electricity. 

Yet, now the solution is said to lie in 'temporary' price caps on the spot-price of steaming coal and gas (mainly methane).  

An observer from another planet might ask: why the global demand for steaming coal and gas is still rising (and with it their price) when wind and solar are, allegedly, so much cheaper? 

Meanwhile, last July (2022) Wendy and I had occasion to visit the town of Rønne on the small Danish island of Bornholm. There on the quayside were a dozen huge wind-turbine nacelles.

As I had some spare time on my hands, I looked on-line and discovered that they were Vestas V174-9.5 MW units for installation off the coast of Germany, for either the Baltic Eagle or Arcadis Ost 1 project. I compared the published project costs with those of other large scale energy projects around the world.

You can read my analysis here (Europe 2022 - Part 1 - An Energetic Diversion). 

Suffice it to say, that wind-generated electricity is not price-competitive with modern fossil generated electricity - it's just a lot cleaner.

Most importantly: nor is off-shore wind anywhere near price-competitive with the latest nuclear generated electricity (on a dollar per unit of installed capacity basis), as nuclear power has a similar cost per Watt of capacity but doesn't require additional batteries or pump-storage to satisfy fluctuating demand.

The present situation on the east coast of Australia may (or may not) have been aggravated by the war in the Ukraine.  Yet, the short-fall was entirely predictable, over a decade ago, and  it will not go away when the war ends.

In anticipation, back in 2012, I called for a 'root and branch' reappraisal of the combined impact of the Renewable Energy Target scheme, in the context of the operations of the National Electricity Market (NEM):



"The present government interventions in electricity markets, intended to move the industry from coal to renewable energy sources, are responsible for most of the rapidly rising cost of electricity in Australia.  These interventions have introduced unanticipated distortions and inefficiencies in the way that electricity is delivered.

Industry experts point to looming problems in supply and even higher price increases.

A 'root and branch' review of these mechanisms is urgently required to prevent ever increasing prices and to prevent further potentially crippling distortions."

Read more: Electricity Pricing


I asserted that together these were making essential base load generators unprofitable and may lead to brownouts and blackouts in the future:


"Now, in addition, rooftop photo-voltaic (PV) solar is beginning to add power to local distribution grids in mid-summer, when the market price is at its maximum and thermal stations have previously been assured of a profit.  Again the retailer pays for STC’s that subsidise the price of solar.

While again we might applaud the lowering of the peak market price and the reduction of peak grid currents at this time, we will not be so pleased if failure to invest in new generation capacity results in even higher prices; and future brownouts and blackouts.

While at first sight there appears to be a well established competitive generation market, the renewable energy targets and the associated certificates (paid for by our retailer and appearing in our bill) may be having an increasingly adverse effect on future investment decisions; with potentially disastrous outcomes ‘down the track’."

Read more: Electricity Pricing - The cost of energy sources


The article was written at a time when an ill-conceived Carbon Tax, that only targeted particular industries and in some cases individual businesses, was severely distorting the energy marketplace even further. 

A year earlier I had objected to the Gillard Government's short lived Carbon Tax on these grounds:


"Well, the Gillard government has done it; they have announced the long awaited price on carbon...

Accusations of lying and broken promises aside, the problem of using a tax rather than the earlier proposed cap-and-trade mechanism is devising a means by which the revenue raised will be returned to stimulate investment in new non-carbon based energy.

Taxation always boils down to 'robbing Peter to pay Paul'. In this case the Government knows who Peter is but they apparently have no idea, or too many, about Paul.

It is the very definition of administrative inefficiency to rob Peter to pay Peter. Thus any tax that requires offsetting payments to those taxed is poorly designed; administratively cumbersome and likely to be extremely inefficient; a bad tax."

Read more: Australia's carbon tax


The Carbon Tax has gone but not the underlying problem remains: traditional coal fired power stations - upon which we will still need to rely for at least another decade - cannot remain viable as long as they are continually gazumped in the NEM by cross- subsidised renewable electricity generators.

This cross-subsidy, is in the form of Large-scale Generation Certificates (LGC's), paid for by electricity retailers (in other words: you). Each MWh of renewable energy supplied receives this cross-subsidy (effectively at the expense of other generators). It applies irrespective of the rapidly fluctuating (NEM) market price for that electricity (energy), that from time-to-time is very low or negative, due to ample wind or sunlight and low consumer demand.

By this means, renewable electricity, including rooftop solar, has been given a 'leg-up', in order to meet the Australian Government's Renewable Energy Targets.

When governments intervene in markets it always has consequences. Such an intervention maybe necessary in the long-term public interest, for example due to externalities, like the environment, or international responsibilities. Yet, then it is beholden on Government to put in place accompanying means of mitigating the inevitable negative consequences. 

In this case the negative consequences of Renewable Energy Targets on base-load electricity generation have been well known for well over a decade but nothing has been done in mitigation.

Possible mitigations might include:

  • an off-market base-load generation reservation and/or, perhaps;
  • ineligibility of all Renewable Energy Certificates (small and large scale) for energy supplied when supply exceeds demand.

Comprehensive modelling of these and other possible interventions, such as a targeted subsidy, is now essential to determine the best transition path to a secure electricity future.

A 'root and branch' review is long over-due.



If only...

'If onlys' are a bit pointless, yet I'll say it again: Had we embarked on building just three nuclear power-stations similar to the Cruas Nuclear Power Station in France, two or three decades ago (read more...), we could already be 'clean and green' and not in the predicament we now find ourselves in today. 

Instead, we find ourselves paying for Snowy 2.0 that will be: more expensive; more environmentally damaging; and totally inadequate to make a significant difference (see: Pumped-Storage Hydropower (PSH). Read more....

But that's all water over the dam now.


    Have you read this???     -  this content changes with each opening of a menu item


Europe 2022 - Part 1



In July and August 2022 Wendy and I travelled to Europe and to the United Kingdom (no longer in Europe - at least politically).

This, our first European trip since the Covid-19 pandemic, began in Berlin to visit my daughter Emily, her Partner Guido, and their children, Leander and Tilda, our grandchildren there.

Part 1 of this report touches on places in Germany then on a Baltic Cruise, landing in: Denmark, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Sweden and the Netherlands. Part 2 takes place in northern France; and Part 3, to come later, in England and Scotland.

Read more ...

Fiction, Recollections & News

Remembering 1967








1967 is in the news this week as it is 50 years since one of the few referendums, since the Federation of Australia in 1901, to successfully lead to an amendment to our Constitution.  In this case it was to remove references to 'aboriginal natives' and 'aboriginal people'.

It has been widely claimed that these changes enabled Aboriginal Australians to vote for the first time but this is nonsense. 

Yet it was ground breaking in other ways.

Read more ...

Opinions and Philosophy

Climate Emergency




/uh'merrjuhnsee, ee-/.
noun, plural emergencies.
1. an unforeseen occurrence; a sudden and urgent occasion for action.



Recent calls for action on climate change have taken to declaring that we are facing a 'Climate Emergency'.

This concerns me on a couple of levels.

The first seems obvious. There's nothing unforseen or sudden about our present predicament. 

My second concern is that 'emergency' implies something short lived.  It gives the impression that by 'fire fighting against carbon dioxide' or revolutionary action against governments, or commuters, activists can resolve the climate crisis and go back to 'normal' - whatever that is. Would it not be better to press for considered, incremental changes that might avoid the catastrophic collapse of civilisation and our collective 'human project' or at least give it a few more years sometime in the future?

Back in 1990, concluding my paper: Issues Arising from the Greenhouse Hypothesis I wrote:

We need to focus on the possible.

An appropriate response is to ensure that resource and transport efficiency is optimised and energy waste is reduced. Another is to explore less polluting energy sources. This needs to be explored more critically. Each so-called green power option should be carefully analysed for whole of life energy and greenhouse gas production, against the benchmark of present technology, before going beyond the demonstration or experimental stage.

Much more important are the cultural and technological changes needed to minimise World overpopulation. We desperately need to remove the socio-economic drivers to larger families, young motherhood and excessive personal consumption (from resource inefficiencies to long journeys to work).

Climate change may be inevitable. We should be working to climate “harden” the production of food, ensure that public infrastructure (roads, bridges, dams, hospitals, utilities and so) on are designed to accommodate change and that the places people live are not excessively vulnerable to drought, flood or storm. [I didn't mention fire]

Only by solving these problems will we have any hope of finding solutions to the other pressures human expansion is imposing on the planet. It is time to start looking for creative answers for NSW and Australia  now.


Read more ...

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